Fashions in stone and dating buildings

National School which replaced the subscription school. The school remained in this location until when it moved to a new building in Robertsbridge to make way for the bypass which opened in George Inn was the stopping place for stage coaches which were the public transport before the coming of the main line railway from London Hastings in The Ostrich Hotel opened in the same year. Another inn, The Railway Tavern was built in the High Street to accommodate the Irish navvies constructing the railway but earned a reputation for drunkenness and bad behaviour — it closed as a pub in the s and was demolished in the 60s. This branch line closed to passenger traffic in By the s, the parish was a thriving community with shops, inns and in addition to agriculture had a number of industries including saw milling, flour milling — both now ceased — and the manufacture of cricket bats. The latter industry, started by L. James Nicolls, quickly established a reputation and all the leading players from W.

Welcome to the Cumbria Vernacular Buildings Group Home Page

They were once connected to a pumping station which used the power of water to operate cranes around the dock. The accumulator tower ensured that the water pressure did not drop in times of high demand. It is now at risk because of water damage, vegetation growth and graffiti. It has been added to the Register as a result of increased erosion by livestock as well damage to the field and land caused by fencing.

However their increased popularity with visitors is affecting their overall condition. Although currently in a poor condition, the church recently received a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund for its restoration.

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Membership is open to all individuals and groups that have in an interest in Cumbria’s rich building heritage. Please see below for details of our aims, our activities and how to join us. Take a look at our events diary to see information about our study days, recording sessions, village walkabouts and visits to vernacular buildings.

What are vernacular buildings? Whilst precise definitions vary, vernacular means ‘local’ and in building terms relates to the period before which the aesthetically ‘polite’ designs of professional architects became fashionable at a national scale. Traditionally, buildings in town and country were built in accordance with local custom from locally derived raw materials and to suit local needs.

As we can see from our historic landscapes in Cumbria, the materials available in particular areas dictated distinctive building traditions. In Cumbria, many of these traditions resulted from the needs to protect buildings and their inhabitants from the weather! While there are many similarities in vernacular architecture across the region, each area of Cumbria has styles of building influenced not only by the traditions of particular periods but also the availability of local materials; clay dabbins on the Solway, slate buildings in the central Lakes, red sandstone in north eastern Cumbria and the west coast and limestone on the south Lakeland peninsulas.

Traditionally, lime mortars and plasters were used to bind together all types of construction materials, and to provide external renders, internal plasterwork and finishes. There are many common features incorporated in vernacular buildings at local, regional and national scales. Over time, alongside wider economic and social changes, the relationship between local and wider traditions changed the character of our buildings.

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At a time of economic depression and the approach of war there was a desire for escapism. People enjoyed the pleasures of life during the ‘Jazz Age’. Speed and streamlining became important especially in the new modes of travel such as the first commercial flights, trains such as the Orient Express and ocean-going liners. This page lists some of the Art Deco buildings to be found in London.

Delving into building history. Would you like to find out more about the history of your house? Do you want to research any historic building? Is it in the United Kingdom or Ireland?

Gratings at ground level ventilated the underground bakehouse and tempted passers-by. I have been working on the history of Dorchester for well over forty years, and there are still puzzles even with fairly recent buildings that annoy me. The plain, severely classical Lloyds Bank building on the corner of High West Street and Cornhill was one of these puzzles.

I have been reading the Dorset County Chronicle, the newspaper published in Dorchester, from its start in This is a slow job — as a fellow researcher said, even on microfilm, old newspapers give off a noxious gas which makes one read everything, including advertisements. Progress is slow, but I have got up to The conservatism and respectability can make the paper hard going. I do believe I shouted, though, when I found the paper in July as usual boasting about Dorchester, but with some detail: The frontage is now fully open to the street, and displays great architectural beauty in the design and great superiority in the execution.

When finished, this splendid edifice will be one of the most prominent features of the town.

Thames Path Extension

What do we look for? Householders can look for some of these signs of an old vernacular building: The Group’s interest is in: Buildings of local materials built by local craftsmen and the surviving core of which is: Medieval pre , Tudor, or Stuart up to about when the Georgian era began.

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The strategy adopted was to remove heavy internal masonry, replacing it with a lighter weight structure, enabling the additional storeys to be added for the equivalent weight. Preparation The concept was checked with a preliminary model examining the effect on the tunnels to ensure the strategy would work. Further advanced engineering analysis was used to provide confidence to TfL, Network rail and the client that the strategy could be achieved.

Ramboll also carried out a sensitivity analysis of movement predictions using a range of soil stiffness to give confidence that the movements would be modest, generally less than a few millimetres. Further measures were taken including; movement monitoring, an emergency preparedness plan and sensible action trigger levels for early indication in case movement was greater than the agreed trigger levels. The movement of the tunnels was monitored for nearly a year before the works began and then throughout the programme.

Overall movement was within TfL and Network Rail allowances and within a fraction of that predicted. Construction In order to maintain the existing magnitude of load applied on the tunnels and the existing load paths, the demolition and construction sequence was designed carefully and then developed further by contractors; Balfour Beatty into a detailed sequence, working bay by bay to remove floors and then insert steelwork, construct floors and remove crosswalls.

A timber survey of the complex timber structure, identified decayed timber, which was locally repaired with pieced-in new sections. The diagonal sheathing boarding was repaired or replaced and clad with pre-weathered zinc.

What’s your favourite sustainable building in London?

Top Introduction This was written in The Civic Amenities Act of introduced the idea of the Conservation Area – ‘An area of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance. Castle Street was the first Conservation Area, designated by the City Council in , to be followed by a wide variety of areas, from Georgian streets and village centres to Victorian parks and twentieth-century garden suburbs.

Liverpool now has 26 Conservation Areas, eleven of which are considered ‘outstanding’ in the national context by the Historic Buildings Council of the Department of the Environment. The designation of a Conservation Area means that the City Council has to give special care to the area as far as future development is concerned.

It is expected to take positive action to improve the area – for instance by the restoration of buildings, traffic management, pedestrianisation, or landscaping.

Windows are a building’s most prominent feature and because window design has evolved over the centuries windows can be invaluable in dating and in recognising later phases of alteration. Window design is closely related to the evolution of UK and there are some good imported glasses from.

Don’t use email to report crime – call or Online dating is also a form of social networking. Like any internet tool though, social networking can be used for harmful or criminal purposes. Take some sensible precautions. What are the benefits and risks of Social Media? Social networking sites create a feeling of community. This can be positive or negative depending on the nature of the community created.

Since users access these sites from their own homes, they can sometimes forget that the internet is really a public space. This means they can be tempted to share more information than is sensible or safe, or to act in ways they may not do normally. What basic steps should I take? You’ll still be able to get friend requests, but are less likely to be pestered by strangers. Limit the amount of personal information you make available online such as your address and date of birth, even more so if it may provide a hint as to your password – even to friends.

Inside the windowless bunker where Disney stores its ‘secret weapon’

Two of the barns at the Museum, from Hambrook and Lee-on-Solent, are from the coastal plain and are similar in form, having end and side aisles to maximise storage space. The third, from Cowfold, has no aisles; it is from the Weald, where arable acreages were generally smaller than on the Downs or the coastal plain. Barns from the medieval period, such as the one from Cowfold, survive in fairly large numbers, but most other farm buildings are later in date. There must have been cattle sheds and cartsheds on medieval farms, but they were not built well enough to last until the present day, and most of the surviving examples date from the 18th and 19th centuries.

Most granaries are also post-medieval, but for a different reason — before the 17th century, valuable farm produce such as grain and apples was normally kept within the house, often in a loft or attic. The three granaries re-erected in the Museum date from the 18th and 19th centuries.

a building, the option to tax will continue to apply to the land on which the building stood if the building is demolished and to any future buildings constructed on the land.

In no circumstances can an option to tax have effect from a date before you made your decision to opt. If you do decide to opt to tax and are not a member of a VAT group or intend to become one in the future, only the supplies you make of your interest in the land or building will be affected. Your option to tax will not affect supplies made by anyone else. For example, if you are selling an opted building the buyer has the choice of whether to opt to tax or not.

Similarly, if your tenant is sub-letting, they too have this same choice. For this reason, you should inform your tenant of your decision at the earliest opportunity so that they may safeguard their right to recover input tax by opting to tax, should they wish to. Permission to opt to tax 5. The conditions have changed from time to time. Condition 3 was amended from 1 May If you meet any of the 4 conditions set out in Section D, you do not need written permission before you opt to tax:

Scientology Dating

Download PDF Get Involved The Trust offers lots of opportunities for you to indulge your interest in the rescue of historic buildings while strengthening our charitable status and making a vital contribution to the heritage of Tyne and Wear. We have a very popular Working Members’ scheme, where you can enjoy all the benefits of membership while also getting involved in all aspects of our work, from guiding tours to custodianship, wherever your skills and interests lie.

Our members enjoy exclusive tours, talks, a regular newsletter, and the opportunity to spend time enjoying shared interests and socialising with like minded people from all walks of life.

ONE of the oldest building’s in the borough, with a haunted past, has come on the market. Brandlesholme Old Hall, a four bedroom, Grade II* listed property dating back to the 13th century, is up for auction with a £, price tag.

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Ephesus There is evidence that Ephesus was inhabited as long ago as BC. After the defeat of the Persians it came under the guardianship of Athens, although Ephesus had rebelled against Athens in BC and supported Sparta in the Peloponnesian War. Later, Ephesus was to join against Sparta, resulting in Sparta capturing the city and giving it back to the Persians.

Headstone Manor. Built in circa , the moated manor house known as Headstone Manor is the earliest surviving timber framed building in Middlesex.

Pottery in archaeology Introduction The following is a basic introduction to pottery in archaeology, focusing particularly on the ceramics of the medieval period. The bibliography at the end provides references to more detailed and comprehensive sources. The study of pottery is an important branch of archaeology. This is because pottery is: Occasionally whole vessels are found, particularly where they have been used as grave goods or cremation ‘urns’.

These are important in providing us with a type series of vessel forms, although broken vessels can be just as useful for this. Prehistoric and Roman pottery: Prehistoric pottery is handmade i. The clay from which it is made often contains pieces of burnt flint or other stone and the pottery appears very coarse. This crudeness is related to the function of the vessels, which had to withstand thermal shock when placed on a fire for cooking.

Fine vessels with incised and stamped decoration were also made. By the 1st century B. Highly decorated tableware, including fine red and whitewares, were available during the Early Roman period. Imported wares, such as fine red samian from Gaul, were popular, and wheelmade pottery was manufactured in Britain.

Traditional Timber Framing – A Brief Introduction

There has been a history of local government in the town dating back to Anglo Saxon times and Dorchester has been the county town since It has elected a mayor since The Town Council has 20 members, elected for a period of 4 years. The next elections are in May Dorchester’s Corn Exchange has it’s own website which can be found at www.

Alfred’s Barn, amazing timber framed thatched barn dating from , open plan kitchen sitting and dining area seating up to 29 people, along with 4 bedrooms, is full of original details with a contemporary style, sleeps up to 8. The Granary with beautiful views over the Giggler apple orchard, cosy open plan ground floor, 2 bedrooms, sleeps up to 4.

The Register The most comprehensive survey ever taken of the British population was carried out on 29 September , on the eve of war with Germany. If there had been no war, or a short war, the census would have been taken as planned in Instead the administrative framework of the census was used to create the Register. The original resposes in the National Archives, but has now been digitised and became available recently via Findmypast.

This new arrival provided a good opportunity to update my coverage of the online hosts of the census returns too, all to be found on the page covering sources for houses. These are the earliest so far made available online. The Lands Valuation Scotland Act generated these records. It is a wonderful resource for research on historic buildings, as can be seen in the 2, images from the collection that have been made available online. So it is excellent news that a project is under way to properly catalogue and digitise the complete collection.

An appeal for funds has been launched by the British Library for its first stage, covering maps and views of London and the South East.

The Cob Shed Build Part 1 – Building Stone Wall Foundations – Mixing & Laying Cob Wall


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